The AmericanCivil War was a civil war which has fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865. in America’s historical Civil War is the central event.
As a result of the long-standing controversy over slavery, war broke out in April 1861, when Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina, shortly after U.S. President Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated.
Among the 34 U.S. states in February 1861, seven Southern slave states individually declared their secession from the U.S. to form the Confederate States of America, or the South.
The Confederacy grew to include eleven slave states. The Confederacy was never diplomatically recognized by the United States government, nor was it recognized by any foreign country (although the United Kingdom and France granted it belligerent status). The states that remained loyal to the U.S. (including the border states where slavery was legal) were known as the Union or the North.
The Union and Confederacy quickly raised volunteer and conscription armies that fought mostly in the South over four years. The Union finally won the war when General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at the Battle of Appomattox Court House, followed by a series of surrenders by Confederate generals throughout the southern states.
Four years of intense combat left 620,000 to 750,000 people dead, more than the number of U.S. military deaths in all other wars combined (at least until approximately the Vietnam War). Much of the South’s infrastructure was destroyed, especially the transportation systems, railroads, mills, and houses. The Confederacy collapsed, slavery was abolished, and 4 million slaves were freed.
The Civil War was fought between the Northern and the Southern states from 1861-1865.
- Many Civil War battlefields are threatened by development
- After the war was over, the Constitution was amended to free the slaves, to assure “equal protection under the law” for American citizens, and to grant black men the right to vote.
- The North won the Civil War.
- The bloodiest battle of the Civil War was the Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
- The North had more men and war materials than the South.
- The Civil War began when Southern troops bombarded Fort Sumter, South Carolina.
- The issues of slavery and central power divided the United States.
- Before the United States was formed, many different civilizations existed on the American continent.
- Abraham Lincoln was the President of the United States during the Civil War.